Japanese Chozubachi Tsukubai - Fuzen Zenigata
A Chōzubachi (手水鉢) is an ornamental waterbassin found in the traditional Japanese garden. It is used for the ritual washing of the hands and rinsing of the mouth before a person is allowed to participate in the tea ceremony or enter holy grounds such as Buddhist temples or Shinto shrines. The literal translation of Chōzubachi is: hands waterbassin.
This Chōzubachi can perfectly be used in a traditional Tsukubai arrangement. This means that specific functional stones named Yaku-ishi (役石) are placed around the Chōzubachi. The stones placed on either side are called Teshoke-ishi (手燭石) and Yuoke-ishi (湯桶石). The stone in the front is called Mae-ishi (前石). Additionally, a stone Oribe lantern can be placed behind the Chōzubachi. A bamboo ladle or dipper is also a frequently seen item in the Tsukubai arrangement. The water supply of the Tsukubai can traditionally be arranged with a bamboo spout called Takekakehi (竹筧). The term Tsukubai originated from the Japanese verb Tsukubau (蹲う) which means to crouch down, an act of humbleness.
This Chōzubachi type is known as Fuzen Zenigata (布泉銭形). Fuzen is the Japanese pronunciation for an antique Chinese coin called Bujian. This Chōzubachi is an exact copy of the Bujian coin with the same shape and symbols.
• Origin: Nagoya
• Material: Shirakawa stone (白川石)
• Age: Meiji Period